Resume Vs CV – 5 Differences You Should Know

You have definitely heard of people using the terms Resume vs CV interchangeably. The subtle differences between them completely alter their meanings and the context in which they reflect. However, before diving into the differences, there are certain similarities between a CV and a resume. Designed to make you look like the best candidate for the job or company you are applying for, both are tailored specifically for you. However, they usually do not include your interests.

What is a CV?

The phrase CV comes from the Latin word curriculum vitae meaning “the course of your life”. A CV is a lengthy document that details your professional history and includes various personal information. It is a comprehensive list including details of your education, professional career, publications, awards, honours, and other achievements. It needs updating for every new academic or professional achievement. It can be anywhere from 3 to 10+ pages long. The literary industry is an intelligent example of where you can use a CV, as it provides an in-depth overview of where you are currently in your career.

What to include in a CV?

You can find a simple CV below that aptly describes the career journey of the applicant. The primary characteristic of a CV is that it must include all of your academic qualifications and professional skills, in chronological order, instead of arranging them as per higher priority. So what should you add in your CV?

  • Contact information, including address
  • Personal statement
  • Education’
  • Professional academic appointments
  • Peer-reviewed publications
  • Awards and other achievements
  • Conferences
  • Teaching experience
  • Research experience
  • Non-academic activities
  • Languages
  • Skills
  • References

What is a Resume?

The word resume comes from the French word résumé, which means “to summarise”. These are usually short and to-the-point, focusing on your skills. A summary is only supposed to include portions of your work experience and talents relevant to the position you’re applying for. A strong resume emphasizes particular contributions you made in past jobs and shows how they relate to the job you’re seeking. Unlike a CV, a summary should be as short as possible, with the page limit not exceeding 1-2 pages. Job recruitment is the perfect example of a resume put to good use. Doing this will highlight the best of your skills and deem you qualified in the eyes of recruiters from a sea of candidates.

What to include in a Resume?

Below you can look at a few differences from the CV. A summary is strictly job-oriented and demands that you place your skills at the top. It would be best to highlight your professional qualifications and certifications and eventually mention your educational and other achievements. It is highly filtered and crisp.

  • Name and contact details
  • Skills
  • Career Objective
  • Qualifications
  • Skills Summary
  • Professional Experience
  • Achievements
  • Extracurricular Activities
  • Interests/Hobbies
  • References
Resume Sample

Key Takeaways – Resume Vs CV

Here are the significant differences between CV and Resume:

  • The difference in the format: Resumes are short and precise and only mention the specifics required for the job. CVs are more lengthy and descriptive.
  • The difference in content: In a resume, you are free to cite only those skills that put you in the best light and qualify you as the best candidate. On the other hand, A CV tasks about your entire academic and professional career, where even the smallest of your achievements are listed out, including projects, conferences, etc.
  • The difference in order: A resume most commonly follows a functional hierarchy, which means the skills required for job specification go at the top. A CV follows a strict chronological order, where all your achievements and certifications are listed so that the recruiter can understand your growth as a professional.

Can I use a resume instead of a CV?

Depending on your objective, you can use a resume instead of a CV for job applications. However, if you are applying for an academic or graduate course, especially in the US, you should use a CV, as it highlights your educational history better.

Resume Vs CV – Which is better for a fresher?

A resume is preferred for a fresher than a CV, as recruiters are more interested in your skills and certifications than your educational background.

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